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Publication Title | Design of Steam Turbine for Electric Power Production Using Heat Energy from Palm Kernel Shell

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Search Completed | Title | Design of Steam Turbine for Electric Power Production Using Heat Energy from Palm Kernel Shell
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Journal of Power and Energy Engineering, 2018, 6, 111-125
http://www.scirp.org/journal/jpee
ISSN Online: 2327-5901 ISSN Print: 2327-588X
Design of Steam Turbine for Electric Power Production Using Heat Energy from Palm Kernel Shell
Buliaminu Kareem1*, Theophilus Ewetumo2, Michael K. Adeyeri1, Akinlabi Oyetunji3, O. E. Olatunji1
1Department of Industrial and Production Engineering, The Federal University of Technology, Akure, Nigeria 2Department of Physics, The Federal University of Technology, Akure, Nigeria
3Department of Metallurgical and Materials Engineering, The Federal University of Technology, Akure, Nigeria
Abstract
The steam turbine is a prime mover that converts kinetic energy in steam into rotational mechanical energy through the impact or reaction of the steam against the blades. The aim of this study is to design a steam turbine for a small scale steam power plant with target of producing electricity. The tur- bine is driven by the heat energy from palm kernel shells as a renewable en- ergy source obtained at a lower or no cost. The study was concentrated on design of turbine elements and its validation using computer packages. Spe- cifically, the microturbine design was limited to design, modeling, simulation and analysis of the rotor, blades and nozzle under the palm kernel shell as fuel for the micro power plant. In blade design, stress failures, efficiency and blade angle parameters were considered. In casing volume design, the overall heat transfer and mean temperature, and different concepts were applied. The thermal distribution on stator and rotor was considered in order to determine its level of tolerance. The design software packages used for design validation were Solidworks and Comsol Multiphysics for analysis. Simulation results showed that the designed steam turbine can adequately tolerate change in stress/load, torsion/compression, temperature and speeds.
Keywords
Palm Kernel Shell, Steam Turbine, Power Plant, Design Software, Renewable Energy
1. Introduction
A steam turbine can be defined as a form of heat engine in which the energy of
How to cite this paper: Kareem, B., Ewe- tumo, T., Adeyeri, M.K., Oyetunji, A. and Olatunji, O.E. (2018) Design of Steam Turbine for Electric Power Production Using Heat Energy from Palm Kernel Shell. Journal of Power and Energy Engineering, 6, 111-125. https://doi.org/10.4236/jpee.2018.611009
Received: October 28, 2018 Accepted: November 27, 2018 Published: November 30, 2018
Copyright © 2018 by authors and
Scientific Research Publishing Inc.
This work is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution International License (CC BY 4.0). http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
Open Access
DOI: 10.4236/jpee.2018.611009
Nov. 30, 2018 111 Journal of Power and Energy Engineering

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