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Publication Title | The main raw materials processed by the EU Proteinmeal and Oil Industry are rape seeds, soybeans, sunflower seeds, crude palm oil, crude palm kernel oil and crude coconut oil

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Search Completed | Title | The main raw materials processed by the EU Proteinmeal and Oil Industry are rape seeds, soybeans, sunflower seeds, crude palm oil, crude palm kernel oil and crude coconut oil
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Text | The main raw materials processed by the EU Proteinmeal and Oil Industry are rape seeds, soybeans, sunflower seeds, crude palm oil, crude palm kernel oil and crude coconut oil | 001



b) Listing of feed materials
The main raw materials processed by the EU Proteinmeal and Oil Industry are rape seeds, soybeans, sunflower seeds, crude palm oil, crude palm kernel oil and crude coconut oil.
Crushing of these oilseeds and beans delivers the following feed materials:
- rape seed and sunflower seed expeller
- soya (bean), sunflower seed and rape seed meal
- soya (bean) and sunflower seed hulls
- vegetable oils (crude degummed soya (bean) -, rape seed - and sunflower seed oil)
Soya (beans) and sunflower seeds may be dehulled, resulting in meal with a low fibre and hence high protein content (“hi-pro” versus “low-pro” meal).
Refining of oils delivers:
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refined vegetable oils (refined rape seed -, soya (bean)-, sunflower seed -, palm-, palm kernel - and coconut oil)
rape -, soy -, sun - , palm -, palm kernel -, coconut acid oils
soy -, rape -, sun -, palm -, palm kernel - and coconut fatty acid distillates
soy -, rape -, sun, palm, palm kernel and coconut deodistillates
Downstream processing of oils delivers:
- hydrogenated oils
- interesterified oils
- fatty acids from splitting
- fractionated vegetable oils and fats (oleins and stearins)
- glycerine
Other oilseeds processed include linseed, sesame seeds, maize germs and poppy seeds. Other oils processed include shea, illipe, safflower seed and groundnut oil.
c) Overview of main processes
1) OILSEED CRUSHING
1.1. Cleaning, Drying and Preparation of the seeds/beans
As a first step the seed/bean is cleaned and dried. Foreign material, such as stones, glass and metal is taken out by sieving and magnets and is disposed of outside the feed chain.
Drying is performed whilst avoiding contact with combustion gasses unless natural gas is used.
Some oilseeds, like soybeans and sunflower seeds, may be dehulled after cleaning. After dehulling, the meal has a lower crude fibre content, and hence a higher protein content. The soya hulls can also be used for feeding purposes, as such or in pelletized form.
1.2. Crushing and Heating
Seeds with high oil content, such as rape seeds and sunflower seeds are usually mechanically pressed after a preheating step. The pressed cake contains up to eighteen percent of oil and is further treated in the extractor. In some cases the pressed cake undergoes deep expelling. This brings oil levels down to below ten percent and results in an expeller sold for feed purposes. Soybeans have a
EFISC Code – Sector reference document on the manufacturing of safe feed materials from oilseed crushing and vegetable oil refining
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Image | The main raw materials processed by the EU Proteinmeal and Oil Industry are rape seeds, soybeans, sunflower seeds, crude palm oil, crude palm kernel oil and crude coconut oil



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